Mother-of-pearl encrusted artwork was popular in the Viceroyalty of New Spain (actually Mexico and Central America) between 1672 and 1717. The origin of the Enconchados can be related to an oriental esthetic conception but it developed only in New Spain, so Enconchados are a unique art genre of the Viceroyalty.
Trade with Asia via the Manila Galleons transformed Mexico City into a commercial center and Asian imports were in abundance. Asian goods such as porcelain, objects inlaid with mother-of-pearl and folding screens inspired artists who incorporated new techniques into their work. The Mexican enconchado was inspired by Asian traditions especially those from Japan, Korea and the Indian region of Gujarat.
This technique was done on a panel support covered by a cloth on which pieces of different sizes of mother-of-pearl were encrusted, sometimes they were painted too. Afterwards the rest of the panel was painted with oil and the pieces of mother-of-pearl were integrated to the painting participating in the subject.